YouTube as a Source of Information on the COVID-19 Pandemic

This paper seeks to assess the quality and validity of information available on YouTube, based on the current Center for Disease Control (CDC) and World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines.

The authors identified the 250 most-viewed videos from 1 January 2020 to 12 May 2020 on YouTube using keyword ‘COVID 19’. Two independent reviewers analyzed the English-language videos as useful, misleading, or news updates.

After excluding non-English and irrelevant videos, 100 videos were analyzed. The conclusion in the article is that YouTube is an increasingly important source of medical information during the COVID-19 pandemic. Most of the videos were useful, however due to the public nature of the platform, misleading information may also be easily disseminated. Independent users are more likely to post-misleading videos.

Source: YouTube as a Source of Information on the COVID-19 Pandemic

    Fake Covid Videos ‘Will Cost Lives’

    The Royal College of Physicians is urging people not to share and “copycat” “dangerous” videos claiming steam inhalation can prevent Covid-19. The BBC has found that alternative coronavirus treatments are being sent on chat apps like WhatsApp, as well as being widely available on social media.

    BBC reporter Sima Kotecha has tracked the origins of one of these false videos to the state of Gujarat in India.

    Source: Fake Covid Videos ‘Will Cost Lives’

      Vaccine Myths vs Science

      This three minute and forty-four second video, part of WHO’s Science in 5 video series, features WHO’s Dr Katherine O’Brien busts some vaccine myths related to infertility, DNA and composition of vaccines.

      Source: Vaccine Myths vs Science

        COVID-19 Mythbusters, Guyana

        ‘COVID-19 Mythbusters’ are messages developed to counter popular rumous about COVID-19. These rumors were entered into a rumor tracking system.

        Source: COVID-19 Mythbusters, Guyana

          Anti-Virus: The Covid-19 FAQ

          This website, which is updated regularly, is dedicated to debunking common COVID skeptic arguments, and highlighting the track record of some of the most influential and consistently-wrong skeptics. It mostly focuses on UK-based skeptics.

          The site debunks the arguments of the skeptics on the topics of:

          • Effects of COVID-19
          • Lockdown
          • Testing and Treatment

          Source: Anti-Virus: The COVID-19 FAQ

            The False Rumors About Vaccines That Are Scaring Women

            This article explains that there is a good deal of misinformation that has been spread about the effects of the COVID-19 vaccine that might be detrimental to women’s health.

            The author conlcudes that: “For any woman who is pregnant, nursing or trying to conceive, contracting Covid-19 is almost certainly more dangerous than getting immunized. And ultimately, mass vaccination, combined with physical distancing and wearing masks, provides the only way that we can end the pandemic and protect all women, men and children from the disease.”

            Source: The False Rumors About Vaccines That Are Scaring Women

              Call for Action: Managing the Infodemic

              Although infodemics are not a new phenomenon, the volume and rapid scale-up of facts, but also misinformation and disinformation, surrounding the COVID-19 outbreak are unprecedented.

              Deeply concerned with the undermining consequences of the current infodemic to the COVID-19 response and acknowledging the great potential for improved risk communication through new tools, the WHO has called on key stakeholders and the global community to commit to undertaking the actions in this article.

              Source: Call for Action: Managing the Infodemic

                Real-time Rumor Tracking for COVID-19 – System Design and Implementation Guide

                rt2 rumor monitoring dhis2 guideThis document is written for humanitarian or public health organizations as well as national governments seeking to document rumors in a systematic and dynamic fashion. First, the document provides an overview of the role of rumors in a public health or humanitarian emergency, followed by a summary of the community-based approach taken by Breakthrough ACTION during the COVID-19 pandemic.

                Finally, the guide lays out an application of this approach using the District Health Information System 2 (DHIS2) open source software platform, including an overview of a pre-configured metadata package that can be installed on a new DHIS2 system or imported to an existing system. While this guide and the associated DHIS2 package were developed for COVID-19, rumors play a role in a variety of public health issues. Real-time monitoring of rumors thus provides a unique opportunity for dynamic two-way communication with communities.

                Real-time Rumor Tracking for COVID-19 – System Design and Implementation Guide

                Pre-configured metadata package (RT2-json.zip)

                Readability of Online COVID-19 Health Information: A Comparison between Four English Speaking Countries

                The general public is faced with a plethora of misinformation regarding COVID-19 and the readability of online information has an impact on their understanding of the disease.

                The accessibility of online healthcare information relating to COVID-19 is unknown. The authors ought to evaluate the readability of online information relating to COVID-19 in four English speaking regions: Ireland, the United Kingdom, Canada and the United States, and compare readability of website source provenance and regional origin.

                Source: Readability of Online COVID-19 Health Information: A Comparison between Four English Speaking Countries

                  Seoul Declaration on Media and Information Literacy for Everyone and by Everyone

                  On the 10th anniversary of Global Media and Information Literacy Week, stakeholders from all over the world gave a resounding affirmation as to the urgency to strengthen people’s media and information literacy competencies.

                  The outcomes of the deliberations in the Feature Conference and Youth Agenda Forum have been immortalized in the Seoul Declaration on Media and Information Literacy for Everyone and by Everyone: A Defence against Disinfodemics. This Seoul Declaration benefited from a consultation with close to one thousand registered participants.

                  Source: Seoul Declaration on Media and Information Literacy for Everyone and by Everyone