Home-Based Care Reference Guide for COVID-19

This guide provides recommendations to nonprofits, Red Cross Red Crescent network and community organizations who are designing programs and materials in response to COVID-19 in low- and middle-income countries.

The working group designed it as a supplemental tool for organizations working specifically with community health workers (CHWs) (including trained community health volunteers) as they are reaching households, however the content can be adapted for other purposes.

This guide focuses on three main areas: how to support a person whose condition warrants home care because of non-severe symptoms and home care is recommended by local jurisdictions; how to prevent the spread of COVID-19 in the home; and how to provide emotional support to family members. While this manual provides information on danger signs of COVID-19, it should not be used as a guide for when and how a person who has COVID-19 (or its symptoms) should seek medical care. All content adapted to different countries should reflect local policy guidelines and recommendations.

Source: Home-Based Care Reference Guide for COVID-19

    COVID-Ready Communication Playbook for Health Professionals

    The team at VitalTalk crowdsourced this playbook to provide some practical advice to health care professionals on how to talk to their patients about some difficult topics related to COVID-19.

    Building on their experience studying and teaching communication they’ve drawn on their networks to crowdsource the challenges and match them with advice from some of the best clinicians they know.

    Source: COVID-Ready Communication Playbook for Health Professionals

      Questions and Answers about Breastfeeding and COVID-19

      This page offers answers to questions about breastfeeding issues and COVID-19.

      The questions include:

      Source: Questions and Answers about Breastfeeding and COVID-19

        Physical Distancing, Face Masks, and Eye Protection for Prevention of COVID-19

        Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) causes COVID-19 and is spread personto-person through close contact.

        The authors of this article aimed to investigate the effects of physical distance, face masks, and eye protection on virus transmission in health-care and non-health-care (eg, community) settings. They did a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the optimum distance for avoiding person-toperson virus transmission and to assess the use of face masks and eye protection to prevent transmission of viruses.

        The findings of this systematic review and meta-analysis support physical distancing of 1 m or more and provide quantitative estimates for models and contact tracing to inform policy. Optimum use of face masks, respirators, and eye protection in public and health-care settings should be informed by these findings and contextual factors. Robust randomised trials are needed to better inform the evidence for these interventions, but this systematic appraisal of currently best available evidence might inform interim guidance.

        Source: Physical Distancing, Face Masks, and Eye Protection for Prevention of COVID-19

          Basic Psychosocial Skills: A Guide for COVID-19 Responders

          This Guide aims to help orient people supporting the COVID-19 response to integrate psychosocial support skills into their daily work, thereby making a difference to the well-being of people they come into contact with during the pandemic. More specifically, the Guide is intended for health and social workers; emergency responders; people working in food stores, public transport, funeral parlours and pharmacies; employers and managers; and people who are providing support to vulnerable family members or members of their community.

          The illustrated chapters provide practical advice for taking care of one’s own mental well-being, communicating with empathy, and helping people suffering from stress or severe distress. Case studies and tips to remember are included throughout.

          Source: Basic Psychosocial Skills: A Guide for COVID-19 Responders

          • Tyler Best
          • tylerbest@jhu.edu

          COVID-19 Guide for Community Health Workers

          Community health workers (CHWs) serve as a very important direct link between patients, communities and health services. As trusted on-the-ground support to community members, they therefore expand access to essential healthcare information as well as available treatment and prevention programmes.

          This course book provides appropriate, cost-effective, and sustainable targeted learning for the large numbers of emerging community health workers in South Africa.

          This online book includes these chapters:

          1. Introduction to COVID-19
          2. Diagnosing and managing COVID-19
          3. How to prevent the spread of COVID-19
          4. Protecting yourself from COVID-19

          ​​​​​​These chapters have been successfully used as part of the Skills to Care learning programme for the Lukhanji Municipality and Sarah Baartman District Municipality in the Eastern Cape, funded by the Small Projects Foundation.

          Source: COVID-19 Guide for Community Health Workers

            People Are Going off PrEP in the COVID-19 Era Because They’re Not Having Sex

            The physical distancing being practiced by millions all over the world has had an interesting side effect – many people who were taking PrEP (pre-exposure prophylactics) to avoid contracting HIV have stopped taking their daily doses since they do not plan to have sexual contact for the foreseeable future.

            This article reviews some recent studies about this trend and how the sexually active gay and heterosexual communities are responding to COVID-19.

            Source: People Are Going off PrEP in the COVID-19 Era Because They’re Not Having Sex

              Cleaning and Disinfection of Environmental Surfaces in the Context of COVID-19

              The purpose of this document is to provide guidance on the cleaning and disinfection of environmental surfaces in the context of COVID-19. This guidance is intended for health care professionals, public health professionals and health authorities that are developing and implementing policies and standard operating procedures (SOP) on the cleaning and disinfection of environmental surfaces in the context of COVID-19.

              Source: Cleaning and Disinfection of Environmental Surfaces in the Context of COVID-19

                WHO COVID-19 Learning Resources Application

                The WHO mobile learning app focuses on providing frontline health workers with critical, evidence-based information and tools to improve their skills and capabilities related to the pandemic.

                This COVID-19 Digital Response offers up-to-the-minute guidance, training, and virtual workshops to support health workers in caring for patients infected by COVID-19, as well as how they can protect themselves as they do their critical work.

                The app was created in direct response to an online survey of health workers conducted in March and April 2020 that received 20,000 submissions. Key features include learning guidance, learning materials, and tools organized into the following COVID-19 subject matter areas:

                • Case Management: How to care for COVID-19 patients
                • Infection Prevention Control: Protecting health worker and the community
                • Risk Communication and Community Engagement: Communicating effectively with the public
                • Epidemiology: Distribution, characteristics, and determinants of COVID-19
                • Statistics: Updated news and statistics on the COVID-19 pandemic
                • Laboratory: Testing for COVID-19 in humans
                • Health Services and Systems: Strategic planning and coordinated action
                • International Health Regulations: Public health and international spread of disease
                • Research & Development: Working towards a treatment and a vaccine.
                • Operational Support and Logistics
                • Regional Information

                The WHO mobile learning app is a convenient tool for accessing WHO’s rapidly expanding and evolving training materials and guidance, along with opportunities to participate in virtual classrooms and other live training in six global languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish.

                Source: WHO COVID-19 Learning Resources Application

                  Community-based Health Care, including Outreach and Campaigns,in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic

                  Community-based health care is an essential part of primary care at all times; in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, the distinct capacity of trusted community members for social engagement and delivering care where it is needed is ever more critical. This joint WHO, UNICEF and IFRC guidance addresses the role of community-based health care in the pandemic context. It includes practical recommendations for decision makers to help keep communities and health workers safe, to sustain essential services at the community level, and to ensure an effective response to COVID-19. Using this comprehensive and coordinated approach will help countries strengthen the resilience of community-based health services throughout the pandemic, into early recovery and beyond.

                  Source: Community-based Health Care, including Outreach and Campaigns,in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic