COVID-19 outbreak and healthcare worker behavioural change toward hand hygiene practices

This study used an automated hand hygiene recording system to measure HCW hand hygiene on entry to and exit from patient rooms throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. The correlation between hand hygiene compliance and COVID-19 epidemiological data was analysed. Analysis of variance was performed to compare compliance rate during the different periods of the epidemic.

Source: COVID-19 outbreak and healthcare worker behavioural change toward hand hygiene practices

    Change in Anti-COVID-19 Behavior and Prejudice against Minorities during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Longitudinal Evidence from Five European Countries

    In a three-wave longitudinal study in five European countries from April to October 2020, the authors employed a latent change score model to distinguish between intra- and inter-individual changes in anti-COVID-19 behavior and prejudice.

    Source: Change in Anti-COVID-19 Behavior and Prejudice against Minorities during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Longitudinal Evidence from Five European Countries

      Digital Certificates for Vaccination

      This page on the World Health Organization’s (WHO) website explains the concept of digital certificates for vaccination, their advantage over paper certificates, as well as WHO’s guidance towards digital certificates.

      Source: Digital Certificates for Vaccination

        Real-Time Tracking of COVID-19 Rumors Using Community-Based Methods in Côte d’Ivoire

        Breakthrough ACTION developed a process and technology for systematically collecting, analyzing, and addressing COVID-19 rumors in real-time in Côte d’Ivoire. Rumors were submitted through community-based contributors and collected from callers to the national hotlines and then processed on a cloud-hosted database.

        Source: Real-Time Tracking of COVID-19 Rumors Using Community-Based Methods in Côte d’Ivoire

          What Does it Mean to Engage the Public in the Response to COVID-19?

          The authors of this article examine the different types of demands found in calls for public engagement in pandemic decision making and explain how to meet them. They focus on the responsibilities of governments because their decisions have far reaching social consequences, but institutions such as hospital systems, schools, corporations, and universities also make decisions that profoundly affect the communities they serve and should engage affected communities in their decision making.

          Source: What Does it Mean to Engage the Public in the Response to COVID-19?

            The COVID-19 Infodemic — Applying the Epidemiologic Model to Counter Misinformation

            The authors of this article believe that, “the intertwining spreads of the [COVID-19] virus and of misinformation and disinformation require an approach to counteracting deceptions and misconceptions that parallels epidemiologic models by focusing on three elements: real-time surveillance, accurate diagnosis, and rapid response.”

            Source: The COVID-19 Infodemic — Applying the Epidemiologic Model to Counter Misinformation

              COVID-19 Vaccine Perceptions: A 15 Country Study

              The aim of this study is to investigate public knowledge and perceptions of both the COVID-19 pandemic itself and COVID-19 vaccine acceptance among adults (aged 18 years and above) in 15 African countries.

              This study will help identify knowledge gaps, beliefs and attitudes that can help inform Africa CDC as well as other immunization stakeholders in their strategies for supporting the roll out of COVID-19 vaccines in the continent.

              The survey of public opinion was conducted in 15 countries across Africa between August and December 2020.

              Source: COVID-19 Vaccine Perceptions: A 15 Country Study

                Infodemics and Infodemiology: A Short History, a Long Future

                This paper describes the characteristics of an infodemic, which combines an inordinately high volume of information (leading to problems relating to locating the information, storage capacity, ensuring quality, visibility and validity) and rapid output (making it hard to assess its value, manage the gatekeeping process, apply results, track its history, and leading to a waste of effort).

                This is bound up with the collateral growth of misinformation, disinformation and malinformation. Solutions to the problems posed by an infodemic will be sought in improved technology and changed social and regulatory frameworks.

                One solution could be a new trusted top-level domain for health information. The World Health Organization has so far made two unsuccessful attempts to create such a domain, but it is suggested this could be attempted again, in the light of the COVID-19 infodemic experience. The vital role of reliable information in public health should also be explicitly recognized in the Sustainable Development Goals, with explicit targets. All countries should develop knowledge preparedness plans for future emergencies.

                Source: Infodemics and Infodemiology: A Short History, a Long Future

                  Priorities for COVID-19 Research Response and Preparedness in Low-resource Settings

                  COVID-19 poses particular threats in low-resource settings, which typically have underfunded health-care systems and insufficient influence on the global health research agenda.

                  Strengthening research capacity must be embedded in research funding across LMICs to support the COVID-19 response now and to prepare to manage future infectious disease threats effectively. Such programmes need to be informed by local contexts and be driven by regionally and nationally identified priorities. Lessons learned in LMICs have global relevance and require global attention.

                  Increased research coordination is needed to improve the coherence of the research response affecting LMICs.

                  Source: Priorities for COVID-19 Research Response and Preparedness in Low-resource Settings

                    Why Vaccine Inequality is our Biggest COVID-19 Communication Challenge Yet

                    This paper explores the global south’s inequity of access to COVID-19 vaccines and related communication challenges. The paper also questions how we can split our focus to, on one hand, engage with communities to ensure they understand how vaccine prioritization will be made, to also then manage expectations of access, while still addressing the perception that the pandemic is over when vaccination begins.

                    Source: Why Vaccine Inequality is our Biggest COVID-19 Communication Challenge Yet